There is less and less way to go until the launch of the Artemis I mission from NASA, part of the Artemis program that will take the first woman and the next man to the Moon. Along with the SLS mega rocket, the Orion spacecraft will be a key part of the event.
This ship began to be built by Lockheed Martin, with a test flight in 2014. The one that should take place this year or next, will be the first flight with human beings.
Let’s remember that The Artemis I mission will take Orion into the orbit of the Moon to, after several months, fall to Earth, but without astronauts for the moment. Only in Artemis II will this same journey be made, already with people, and in Artemis III the moon landing is planned.
“The Orion Spaceship” recalls the North American Aerospace Agency on its website, “It is designed to meet the changing needs of our nation’s deep space exploration program for decades to come.”
Here are five interesting facts about the Orion spacecraft, courtesy of NASA.
This spacecraft can provide on-mission living space for four astronauts up to 21 days without docking with another spacecraft. Its life support system, avionics, power systems and thermal protection are essential for a better launch, landing and recovery experience.
The module has a propulsion system consisting of twelve small motors, called reaction control system thrusters. NASA explains that when the crew module separates from the service module to re-enter, the 12 thrusters are used to guide the module.
Inside the Orion ship
Its interior is made up of an aluminum structure with intersecting beams, known as the spine, where the crew seats and storage boxes go. There will be most of the equipment astronauts need to live in space.
It has tanks and a drinking water dispenser, as well as compact toilets, designed for women and men. It also has an exercise machine for aerobic training and, in the event of a radiological event, two shelters with dense materials for protection.
And in the event of a depressurization of the cabin, the astronauts’ suit provides vital assistance for six days.
Your communication system with NASA
It uses three screens with 60 physical switches, two rotary hand controllers, two translation hand controllers, and two cursor control devices.
The ship’s parachutes
The parachute system is essential to bring astronauts alive to Earth. Earth’s atmosphere, according to NASA, will slow the spacecraft from 25,000 miles per hour to “barely” 320 miles per hour. This is where the eleven parachute system comes in, deploying in sequence to crash down at 32 kilometers per hour over the Pacific Ocean.
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